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· The tongue is made out of muscles
· There are taste buds on your tongue, on your cheeks inside your mouth and on your roof of your mouth
· When you are born you have 10 000 taste buds
· The muscles in the back of your tongue help make sounds (hard “g” and “k”)
· The front part of your tongue is flexible
· There is a food pipe in your throat
· There is a wind pipe in your throat
· There are tonsils in your throat
· Tonsils are made out of small masses of tissue
· As you get older some of your taste buds die
· Did you know that when you get your tonsils removed it is because
· There is a part at the back of your tongue that is bitter, it tastes bitter
· The two sides of your tongue tastes sour
· The front part of your tongue tastes sweet
· At the front of your tongue, the taste buds alternate between tasting sweet and sour
· The little bumps on your tongue are called papillae
The reason why taste is important is that if you couldn’t taste you would probably eat pepper without even knowing it. Who wants to eat pepper?
When you eat/chew your food it goes down the esophagus. The esophagus is like a food pipe that is in your throat. There is also a windpipe that lets air into your lungs.
When you swallow your food, a special flap, called the epiglottis, covers the windpipe so that your food does not go down the wrong way, in other words, choke. This is where the saying “it went down the wrong pipe” comes from.
The back section of your mouth has three main parts, the ingual tonsil, palatine
tonsils, and the lingual tonsil. The two palatine tonsils are made out of cells.
The palatine tonsils filter out harmful germs that could cause an infection
in the body.
If they swell up and become painful it is called tonsillitis. If this happens your doctor will probably recommend that you get your tonsils removed.
Did you know that the bumps on your tongue are not taste buds? They are called papillae’s. Inside some of the papillae’s are dumps of taste buds. Inside the taste bud there is a taste cell. When you eat your food your taste cell sends a signal to the brain and the brain decides whether or not it is sweet, salty, etc. At the front of the tongue there are papillae fungiform. At the back of the tongue there are vallate papillae. The vallate papillae are large and round and there are 8-12 of them. Papillae help grip onto your food while you chew it.
Underneath the tongue is a frenulum. The frenulum is a membrane. A membrane is a thin layer of a tissue. Also, the frenulum connects the tongue to the bottom of your mouth. The front of the tongue is flexible for working with the teeth to create words.
Some food may taste stronger to you than an adult because an adult has fewer taste buds than a kid. An old person may only have 5 000 taste buds. Also, each taste bud has a cell, and the cells have microscopic hairs called microvilli.