Calgary Board of Education

 
Study Skills

 

Grade 7 Social Studies

Study Skills

TEST TAKING

Preparation

  1. Because forgetting is most rapid after learning has occurred, the first review should come early.
  2. Try to do some reviewing every week. Include reviewing in your weekly study timetable.
  3. Begin reviewing for a test several days before a test.
  4. Organize the material for your test7 e.g., notes, references, diagrams into a unified topic.
  5. Spend more time reviewing material on which you are weak.
  6. Try to find out the type of examination - subjective or objective.
  7. Prepare adequately. One will not be overly nervous about tests if one is prepared.
  8. For most tests, it is best to begin by memorizing generalizations or principles. Once the principles are learned, the facts that support or are subordinate to the principles may be more easily learned. Memory of facts is more easily retained if they are organized in your mind around principles.
  9. If a teacher gives many short tests throughout a semester, you can learn from the early ones how to study for the later ones.
  10. The material should already be learned by the night before the exam. Leisurely review followed by the good night's rest is desirable.
  11. You should ask why an item is wrong; knowing why you made the aristae in the past will help you learn to study for future examinations.
  12. When an open book examination is given7 there is rarely enough time to read extensively the material covered by the test items. Therefore, you should spend about as much time studying for an open book exam as you do studying for a closed book exam.
  13. Essay items often call for more organization of material, requiring somewhat different types of study than multiple choice items. A helpful study technique is to try to anticipate the specific questions teachers are likely to ask, this may be facilitated by knowing the types of items that will be used
  14. Textbooks often contain chapter overviews, summaries and study questions that help you organize and review material.
  15. If a teacher is willing to give information on the time limits for the exam, the types of items to be used, and topics to be covered, this information will greatly facilitate studying.

 


WRITING TESTS OR EXAMS

  1. Focus your complete attention on the test.
  2. Check to make sure you have all the materials you will need during the test.
  3. When instructed to start the test, waste no time.
  4. Write your name and other required information on your paper promptly. Read the instructions carefully.
  5. Read the whole paper carefully and budget your time. Make sure you have all the test pages and that all questions are legible.
  6. Read each question carefully before you begin writing it.
  7. Answer the easiest questions first unless you have been instructed to do otherwise.
  8. If you have time, go over your completed paper carefully. Check your spelling and grammatical errors. Check to be sure that you have done everything that was required~red.

Objective Questions

Objective questions usually try to find out if you know facts or other hands of specific information; they may also test more general understandings. Usually there is one right answer to an objective question, and the ar~answer is not an opinion.

The most frequently used kinds of objective questions are:

1. multiple choice; 2. matching; 3. short answer; and 4. true/false.

1. Multiple Choice

Multiple choice questions ask you to choose the right answer from a number of possible answers.

How to answer multiple choice questions:

1. First read the questions carefully.
2. Try to anticipate the answer in your mind before you start to look at the choices.
3. Read the choices given and try to find the right answer.
4. Even if you are sure that the first or second answer is right, read over all the others just to be certain. They may all be correct, and the last choice may be "all of the above".

Remember: Be certain to consider all the choices given.

5.If you do not know which answer is right after you have read all of them, then try this.

If you have no idea which is right, guess (unless your teacher tells you not to do that).

e.g., False teeth are made of:

(a) soap;
(b) plastic;
(c) wood;
(d) aluminum foil;
(e) iron ore.

2. Matching questions:

Matching questions usually gives you two lists of information and ask you to connect them with each other in some way.

Read the directions carefully. Then, use a process of elimination to answer the question.

1. Do the ones you know first, and cross them off.
2. Then do the best you can with whatever ones are left.

e.g. Write the number of the animal in the blank before the word which names a part of that animal.

(a) dog ___________hands
(b) horse __________wings
(c) bird ___________spinnerets
(d) spider __________paws
(e) human being _____name

3. Short Answer

With short answer questions, you need to know the answer, as there are no choices given to you. However, if you do not know the exact answer but do know something related to it, write down what you do know. You may get partial credit for it. Also, guess if you do not know the answer, unless your teacher tells you not to do so.

e.g.: There are _______________whole numbers between one and ten, not including one or ten.

4. True/False Questions

True/false questions are statements which you are asked to judge. Are they true or false?

Remember the following points:

1. For a statement to be true, it must be entirely true.
2. If any part of a statement is false, then it is a false statement.
3. Be careful with statements that include the words all, always, only, or never. They are often false.


SOME TIPS ON BETTER STUDY METHODS - "LEARN MORE IN LESS TIME"

Studying in the Classroom

  1. Assume a personal responsibility for getting out of the lesson all there is in it. After all, it is your education. You are working for yourself and if you do not do efficient work you are the one who will suffer.
  2. Listen carefully, attentively, studiously and critically. By paying strict attention in class you can save time out of class. Hold yourself responsible for every question asked even if it is directed to another student. Check the correctness of the answer you would have given.
  3. Pay particular attention to the teacher's introductory remarks. The introduction is a connection with the previous lesson and an outline of the present one. It sets the stage for the new lesson.
  4. While listening, think of illustrations and applications to support the statement made. Supplement the lesson from your own experience.
  5. Look for the summary of the lesson. If the teacher does not sum~summarize the points of the lesson, do it yourself. The keeping of a good notebook is of great importance.
  6. Watch the teacher carefully and interpret gestures and facial expressions as well as words.
  7. Display an eagerness to answer questions. Give answers that are full and complete, yet direct, brief and to the point.
  8. Ask questions on any points you do not understand. Don't let anything go that you do not understand. The teacher's task is to help you understand the work and he/she will welcome a question from you on any point that is not clear to you. Don't be disappointed if the teacher does not give a direct answer to your question. He/she may answer your question when answering another one. Remember your education is determined by what you discover for yourself, as well as by what you remember.


STUDYING AT HOME

  1. Reserve a definite time and a suitable place for your daily studies.
  2. As an aid to remembering, the first review should be undertaken as soon after a lesson as possible.
  3. Review main points in the last lesson before beginning work on the next one.
  4. In reading or study, watch for main ideas - topic sentences - and underline. Use underlined points when reviewing. Stop at intervals to recall what you have read. 5. Make summarized notes or outlines of lesson or home study material in your own words.
  5. Repetition is most important for any learning - the material should be gone over a number of times and knowledge of it tested by reciting aloud or writing down.
  6. Material organized in logical way is much easier remembered. Summarize material in this manner.
  7. The amount of time to be spent on the review on each subject should be carefully planned ahead, say for a week or two after thoughtfully considering where extra work is most need. Your personal review program should be outlined on a Homework Review Schedule.
  8. A record of homework assignment or projects given could be listed on an Assignment Notebook.

Ms. Flesch, Ms. Hatfield, Mr. Harding