Basics of Cricket

Introduction and History about Cricket

Cricket Stadium Cricket is an international sport which is very famous in countries like India, Pakistan, United Kingdom, Australia and many more. It is played between 2 teams where one team bats while the other team bowls and fields. Every game game begins which a coin toss, where one team captain toses a coin and the other team captain calls out his choice of "Heads" or "Tails". The team captain who is calling his choice much do it before the coin hits the ground. Once a team wins a toss, they have a choice of Batting or Bowling first. Weather is a great influence on chocie of the captain.

An "over" in cricket consists of six balls. Once an over is finished, a second bowler much bowl the ball from the other end of the pitch. This means that the fielders must reposition themselves and that the other batmans will be on strike. There are two types of cricket games. One is an "One day Idol" (ODL) and the other one is called a 'test match". ODl is the length of 1 day consiting of 50 overs per innings. The test match is the length of 5 days consiting of 2 innings and unlimited overs.

The cricket field is a circular grassy ground which varies around 450 feet - 500 feet in diameter. The ground itself consists of a pitch where the bowling and striking takes place. The pitch is 22 yards long from one crease to the other.

Batting Guide

Different Jobs in Cricket:

Batting
The batting team has to have two people batting at one time, where one batsman is on strike and the other one is at the end of the pitch or the bowler end. The main job of the batsman is to make as much runs as he could within the given over, without getting out. If the batting team loses 10 wickets, it means that their batting innings is over. Finding gaps between fielders is an excellent way to make runs. The batsman can hit anywhere in a 360° direction.

Bowling and Fielding
Season Ball The Bowling team consits of eleven people including a wicket keeper and a bowler. The main objective of the bowler is to get the batsman out. You can either be bowled (The process of the ball hitting the stumps), caught (The process of the fielder catching the ball when it hits a batsman and without it touching the ground), run-out (the process of knocking down the stumps with a ball before the batsman reached the crease) and Leg before Wicket (the process of the ball hitting your leg when your batting). LBW decisions are depended on the Umpires. To get a LBW wicket, the ball much be heading directly to the stumps, if it isnt, it won't be considered out. The bowler must keep his elbow straight when bowling the ball, if he doesn't it will be given a No. ball.

Fouls and Extras
Extra runs are runs that you have earned for your whole team. You can get these runs by:

Umpiring
There are two umpires in cricket. One umpire is on the other side of the batsman on the strike to watch for "No. Balls" and "LBW Calls". The other umpire stands on the right of the batsman on strike to watch for run-outs.

Umpire Signals Click on the image to view it in higher resolution


©Ashish Meghani 9-3