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Beginner's Guide to Internet Research Tutorial

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 Senior High Library > Research/Inquiry > Beginner's Guide to Internet Research Tutorial
                                        > Internet History

Internet History


What is the Internet?

The Internet is a sometimes referred to as the Information Superhighway. It is a vast computer network of computer networks that links computers to computers

Internet History

In 1969, the Advanced Research Project Agency of the U.S. Department of Defense created the ARPAnet. At this point, only scientists used the ARPAnet for data sharing between super-computers. This network of computers proved to be very effective for military communications and continued to be developed from 1970-1980. This was the starting point of what is known today as the Internet.

In 1970, the digital post office, an application known as E-mail, became available. This new application enabled scientists to exchange their ideas and data more efficiently.

The World Wide Web was established in the late 1980’s, with the development of “hyperlinks” , created and applied by Tim Berners-Lee of the Swiss physics lab CERN. From 1987, the number of Internet users expanded and by 1996 there were over forty million users.

In 1993, a team of students and staff led by Marc Andreessen at the University of Illinois developed Mosiac, one the first web browsers. Consequently, the World Wide Web became accessible to anyone who owned a personal computer.

Today, the Internet is a worldwide network of networks, linking computers to computers. Commonly referred to as the Information Superhighway, the Internet enables the user to access a vast amount of information on the World Wide Web. The Web has many web sites and each web site contains information that includes text, graphics, animation, video and audio. The Internet allows the user to communicate to others around the world, and have access to large amounts of information.


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